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The Essential Elements of an IB Education

Introduction to IB:

The International Baccalaureate Primary Years Program (IBPYP), for students aged 3 to 12, focuses on the development of the whole child in the classroom but also in the world outside, through other environments where children learn. It offers a framework that meets children’s several needs: academic, social, physical, emotional and cultural.

The program is a comprehensive approach to teaching and learning with an international curriculum model that provides:

  • guidelines for what students should learn
  • a teaching methodology
  • assessment strategies


At the heart of the PYP is a commitment to
structured inquiry as a vehicle for learning.


Structure of the IBPYP Program:

1. Knowledge

Six organizing themes help teachers and children explore knowledge in the broadest sense of the word.

2. Concepts

Teachers and students use key questions that are concept-based to structure the units of inquiry.

3. Transdisciplinary Skills

They acquire and apply transdisciplinary skills while developing an understanding of these important concepts.

4. Attitudes

The development of explicit attitudes and the expectation of socially responsible behaviors are also essential elements of the programme.

5. Action

Students choose to take action (both personal and community-centered) in response to their new knowledge and understandings.